Summary: Autoimmune disorders symptoms occur when the body’s defense mechanisms turn against itself and start attacking the body’s living cells like blood cells, tissue, organs, etc. The effects can be organ specific or affect the entire body and the treatment involves chemotherapy plus some long term preventive measures to prevent recurrence of the condition.
Autoimmune disorders symptoms are when the body’s immune system turns against itself and the antibodies attack the body’s own tissue. But before we learn about autoimmune disease, we need to know how the body’s immune system works first. There are various things that attack the body like fungi, parasites, viruses, bacteria, germs, etc. and it is the job of the immune system to keep the body protected from all these. The immune system comprises physical and chemical systems in the body that work together to keep it safe. The mucous membranes on the inside and the skin on the outside are the first line of defense for the body whenever an external agent tries to disrupt the balance.
The autoimmune disorders symptoms are typical of the body’s natural defenses. There are white blood cells and antibodies that the body uses to defend itself. The white blood cells digest antigens whereas the antibodies entrap the antigens that the white blood cells didn’t get. But if the antigens still make their way through, the body deals with them by producing lymphocytes that are programmed to eliminate the antigen.
Autoimmune Disorders Symptoms: What are they?
They are that the body’s defense mechanisms destroy not the antigens, but the body itself. This is called autoimmune disorder. This can have various different effects. For example, a particular kind of tissue will get slowly destroyed or on the other hand an organ can grow abnormally or won’t function normally. Some of the organs and the tissues that are affected are – connective tissue that includes muscles, joints and skins, red blood cells, adrenal glands, thyroids and the pancreas.
Autoimmune disorders symptoms effects
The symptoms can affect the body either locally (only affecting particular organs) or globally (affecting the entire body). Some examples of local effects are type I diabetes (pancreas), Graves’ disease and Hashimoto’s thyroditis (thyroid gland), pernicious anemia (stomach), Addison’s disease (adrenal glands) and chronic active hepatitis (liver). And examples of global effects are myasthenia gravis, lupus, multiple sclerosis and rheumatoid arthritis.
Autoimmune disorders symptoms may be caused due to factors like drugs, viruses, genetics and toxins in the environment. Habits can also cause it, factors like smoking, alcohol, sleep deprivation, sedentary lifestyle, stress and tension, poor dietary habits, etc. Treatment involves tests that are done to eliminate certain types of autoimmune disorders from the list of probable ailments. Treatment involves chemotherapy, but there are some long terms lifestyle changes that you have to make as well.