Neurological Diseases – Symptoms and Treatments
Summary: Neurological diseases are highly prevalent and pose great discomfort to individuals who suffer from them. They are often degenerative and difficult to cure. Treatments target symptomatic relief and enable effective disease management.
A large proportion of the human population is troubled by neurological diseases that affect physical, mental, emotional and social well- being of patients. The magnitude of these disorders is compellingly high and the inconvenience that they pose to individuals and care takers is practically immeasurable. However, medical science has transcended limitations to devise treatments for these diseases, giving substantial relief to the patients and care givers alike. Most prevalent and noted neurological disorders include Parkinson’s syndrome, Alzheimer’s disease, Epilepsy, Huntington Disease and Meningitis.
Neurological Diseases – Specific Diseases
Parkinson’s syndrome is among degenerative neurological diseases. It involves the wasting away of several brain cells in the human body. The patient’s motor movements and physical stability are largely uncontrollable. There is stiffness in the limbs and patients find mundane activities like walking and speaking very challenging. The disease progresses slowly and sets in only after middle age. Treatments include assistance in movement co-ordination with the help of drugs. Counseling and supportive disease management including using walking and speaking assistance devices are highly useful.
Alzheimer’s disease is also among degenerative neurological diseases. It is also an old age disease that sets in after the age of 50 or 60 years. It is marked by severe loss of memory and change in personality along with difficulties in movement. Scientists have established a possible relation to the presence of protein deposits and tangled protein fibers in the brains of Alzheimer disease patients. The treatment includes psychotherapy and symptomatic relief for movement problems and memory loss. Drugs include special chemicals called cholinesterase inhibitors.
Epilepsy is the series of interrupted neural activity. It is one among many neurological diseases. It presents itself in the form of seizures that repeatedly occur in the patient. Seizures can be mild and hardly noticeable or very prolonged and distressing. Treatment includes the use of anti-seizure drugs and ketogenic diet. Ketogenic diets are low calorie, high fat diets that have the ability to reduce seizures when administered under medical supervision.
Meningitis is an infection of the cells covering the brain and spinal cord. The infection can be treated with anti-bacterial and anti-viral drugs. However, bacterial infection can cause degenerative progress in the brain. It is commonly known as brain fever. Meningitis is among neurological diseases that are not hereditary. Symptoms include nausea, vomiting, stiff neck and high fever accompanied by behavioral changes. There are certain viral strains that can be resisted with the help of meningitis vaccines.
Huntington disease is among neurological diseases which are genetic. It involves changes in personality accompanied by depression and occasional schizophrenia. The patient can also have severe movement control problems and even lose functionality of his limbs. It is degenerative, and involves wasting away of certain brain cells. Treatment is symptomatic and includes drugs for control of movement, memory management and psychotherapy.