Psychological Disorders – What are the Major Types?
Summary: Psychological disorders are often related to distress and create significant impact on the life of the person or child. These disorders are classified into various types depending on the behavior of the individual and related activities. These disorders are behavioral and psychological symptoms which can impact different areas of life.
Psychological disorders are patterns of psychological or behavioral disorders that impact various sections of life. It is also known as mental disorders and the person affected by these symptoms show distress. Sets of symptoms form a syndrome and identifying the symptoms help in identifying the disorder.
The different disorders are classified based on the identifiable source of stress which is responsible for emotional and behavioral symptoms. Here we discuss some of the major types of these disorders.
Anxiety Disorders: It is often characterized by excessive and abnormal fear, worry and anxiety. It generally includes generalized anxiety disorder, agoraphobia, panic disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, social anxiety disorder, phobias and separation anxiety.
Dissociative Disorders: It is among the major types of Psychological disorders which cause interruption in aspects of consciousness, identity and memory. It is classified into multiple personality disorder, dissociative fugue, dissociative identity disorder and Depersonalization disorder. Personality disorder is an inflexible and maladaptive way of communicating with others and is sub divided into eleven different types. These types are divided into clusters based on the pattern and similarities.
Eating Disorders: It is a disruptive eating pattern which impacts health both physically and mentally. It is caused due to obsessive concerns over eating. It is classified into Anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and rumination disorder. Some people think its just over eating or not eating at all, but they are all concerns.
Mood disorders: It is a group of mental disorders which is characterized by frequent changes in mood. Bipolar disorder, major depressive disorder and cyclothymic disorder are major examples of mood disorders.
Schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders: This major type of Psychological disorders is characterized by distorted thoughts and perceptions, which can be related to emotions, behavior and communication. Schizophrenia is classified into paranoid, catatonic, disorganized, undifferentiated and residual schizophrenia. These are complex disorders which are still not completely understood.
Cognitive disorders: It involves a clinically significant deficit in cognition or memory which showcases a changed level of functioning from the previous level. The cognitive disorders are classified based on their presumed etiology into delirium, dementia, amnestic and cognitive disorder.
Developmental disorders: Also referred as childhood disorders, these disorders occur during childhood, infancy and adolescence. It includes mental retardation, oppositional defiant disorder, autism, communication disorders, conduct disorders and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.
Factitious Disorders: This type of disorder occurs in those individuals who often deliberately fake illness or exaggerate symptoms that can cause damage to the body. These disorders include munchausen syndrome, munchausen syndrome by proxy and ganser syndrome.
So you see there are several different categories that psychological disorders fall under, if you have one, learning about it is the first step at managing it. Make sure to seek professional help if you are worried that you may be suffering from one or more of these.