Typhoid Vaccine – Treatments Available and The Risks Involved
Summary: Typhoid vaccine is very helpful to protect against typhoid fever or enteric fever. Typhoid fever can occur at any age and about 10% of the cases occur in infants below one year. Typhoid spreads with the use of contaminated food or water, and generally affects people while traveling.
Typhoid vaccine is used to cure typhoid, which is a serious disease caused by a bacteria called Salmonella Typhi. Typhoid is usually accompanied by symptoms like high fever, weakness, stomach pains, headache and loss of appetite. It is highly dangerous if not identified within time and treated. It is estimated that about 30% of the people affected by typhoid die. Typhoid has the ability to spread from one person to another through food and water. There are thousands of people who get infected with typhoid every year.
Typhoid can be cured using an inactivated vaccine or an attenuated vaccine. The inactivated typhoid vaccine is generally a shot whereas the attenuated vaccine is an oral medicine. However, there are conditions on how to take the vaccine for typhoid.
- The inactivated vaccine shot should not be given to children less than 2 years and should be given at least two week before traveling so as to allow the vaccine to work. A booster dose is given every 2 years to people for who remain at risk.
- The attenuated oral typhoid vaccine should not be given to children below 6 years. It should be given in four doses, with the last dose given a week before traveling. A booster dose is recommended for every 5 years for people who remain at risk.
Who should not take the vaccine for typhoid?
- Both the vaccines are not recommended for patients who had a severe reaction to the vaccine before.
- The oral vaccine should not be given to patients who have a weak immune system. It may include people affected with HIV/AIDS or any other disease which affects the immune system, people who are treated with drugs like steroids for two weeks or longer and people with any type of cancer or undergoing treatment for cancer.
Typhoid Vaccine Treatment Risks
Every vaccine should be tested for any adverse allergic reaction which can cause serious risk or even death in few cases. However, the risk involved is quite rare during the use of the two vaccines for typhoid.
- Patients may show symptoms of mild reactions after the use of an inactivated vaccine shot. The symptoms include fever, headache and redness or swelling at the site of the injection.
- Patients administered with a live typhoid vaccine show symptoms of fever, headache, abdominal discomfort, vomiting, nausea or rash.
People who are affected by typhoid and display signs of severe reaction if administrated with the typhoid vaccine should consult a doctor right away. They should check for signs like high fever, difficulty breathing, paleness, weakness, hoarseness, dizziness or fast heartbeat.